Monday, February 23, 2009

Integrated chemical sites

Biggest chemical sites in the world:
The BASF is the world's leading chemical company, employing 80,000 people at all and about 35,000 (a few years ago, the employee total was about 55,000) of them in the Ludwigshafen in Germany. BASF's site in Ludwigshafen is the biggest integrated chemical site in the world. Most of the energy used here is homemade – in the company's own combined cycle power plant. BASF's Ludwigshafen site is impressive: The site in the Rhine-Neckar region in Germany covers an area of more than ten square kilometers, has 115 kilometers of road and 2,000 kilometers of pipeline. Around 33,000 people work here in more than 200 plants. The site's energy needs could be a world record: Each year almost 20 million metric tons of steam and more than six billion kilowatt hours of electricity – that is around the same as the electricity consumption of a German state such as Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. BASF Ludwigshafen consumes a good one percent of Germany's entire electricity each year. The energy is used to manufacture chemicals, crop protection agents and raw materials for cosmetics, but also plastics and performance products:

Their second biggest site worldwide is located in the harbour of Antwerp:

Another huge integrated chemical plant is found in Freeport in Texas (birdview). This place is home to Dow chemical company's largest plant and is also one of the largest chemical sites in the world. The Dow Chemical Company is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Midland, Michigan. As of 2007, it is the second largest chemical manufacturer in the world by revenue. Dow Chemical is a provider of plastics, chemicals, and agricultural products with presence in more than 175 countries and employing 46,000 people worldwide:

The headquarters of Dow chemical company are based in Midland in Michigan. Here in Midland their second biggest site is located:

When mentioning the biggest chemical sites in the world the chemical sites at Dhzerzhinsk in Russia should for sure be mentioned. This site is among the biggest in the world. According to September 12, 2007 study by Blacksmith Institute (United States), Dzerzhinsk is also one of the worst polluted cities of the world and has a life expectancy of 42 years for men and 47 for women. Among the biggest chemical sites in the world are also this site of Sinopec in Nanjing in China, and this site of INEOS in Runcorn in England:

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